ビル・ゲイツ&メリンダ・ゲイツ No.03

 

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No.03

CA: So, you’ve got a big pot of money and a world full of so many different issues. How on earth do you decide what to focus on?

BG: Well, we decided that we’d pick two causes, whatever the biggest inequity was globally, and there we looked at children dying, children not having enough nutrition to ever develop, and countries that were really stuck, because with that level of death, and parents would have so many kids that they’d get huge population growth, and that the kids were so sick that they really couldn’t be educated and lift themselves up. So that was our global thing, and then in the U.S., both of us have had amazing educations, and we saw that as the way that the U.S. could live up to its promise of equal opportunity is by having a phenomenal education system, and the more we learned, the more we realized we’re not really fulfilling that promise. And so we picked those two things, and everything the foundation does is focused there.

 

ボキャブラリー

CA: So, you’ve got a big pot of money and a world full of so many different issues. How on earth do you decide what to focus on?

BG: Well, we decided that we’d pick two causes, whatever the biggest inequity was globally, and there we looked at children dying, children not having enough nutrition to ever develop, and countries that were really stuck, because with that level of death, and parents would have so many kids that they’d get huge population growth, and that the kids were so sick that they really couldn’t be educated and lift themselves up. So that was our global thing, and then in the U.S., both of us have had amazing educations, and we saw that as the way that the U.S. could live up to its promise of equal opportunity is by having a phenomenal education system, and the more we learned, the more we realized we’re not really fulfilling that promise. And so we picked those two things, and everything the foundation does is focused there.

 

a pot of money: 大金(a big pot of money も同様に「かなりの大金」。make pots[a pot] of moneyで「大金を儲ける」
full of ~: 〜で満たされた、満ちた
issue: n. 争点、論点、問題、気がかり
on earth: 〔疑問を強調して〕一体(全体)
focus on ~: 〜に焦点を合わせる、〜に重点的に取り組む、〜に集中する
cause: n. 理由、動機;目的、目標;理念、信念、大義
inequity: n. 不公平、不公正
nutrition: n. 栄養摂取、栄養状態、食生活;栄養(成分)
stuck: a. (stickの過去分詞形)行き詰まった、動きが取れない
huge: a. 巨大な、大変な、でっかい、大した
population growth: 人口増加
lift up: 持ち上げる、高める、向上させる
live up to ~: 〜に従って行動する、〜に沿う、〜に応える
equal opportunity: (雇用)機会均等
phenomenal: a. 驚くべき、すばらしい;並外れた、まれに見る
education system: 教育制度、教育システム
fulfill: vt. 〔約束・契約・計画などを〕実行する、遂行する、実現させる、〔義務・命令などを〕は足す、全うする
promise: n. 約束

 

解説
1行目下線部:a world full of so many different issues. これは分詞構文。
もとは a world is full of so many different issues.
これが分詞構文になるとa world being full of so many different issues.
beingは省略されるので a world full of so many different issues.になった。

インドのビハール州パトナを訪問したゲイツ夫妻(2011年)

bill-and-melinda-gates-foundation-office

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