エイミー・カディ No.09

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No.09

So this is what we find. Risk tolerance, which is the gambling, what we find is that when you’re in the high-power pose condition, 86 percent of you will gamble. When you’re in the low-power pose condition, only 60 percent, and that’s a pretty whopping significant difference. Here’s what we find on testosterone. From their baseline when they come in, high-power people experience about a 20-percent increase, and low-power people experience about a 10-percent decrease. So again, two minutes, and you get these changes. Here’s what you get on cortisol. High-power people experience about a 25-percent decrease, and the low-power people experience about a 15-percent increase. So two minutes lead to these hormonal changes that configure your brain to basically be either assertive, confident and comfortable, or really stress-reactive, and, you know, feeling sort of shut down. And we’ve all had the feeling, right? So it seems that our nonverbals do govern how we think and feel about ourselves, so it’s not just others, but it’s also ourselves. Also, our bodies change our minds.

But the next question, of course, is can power posing for a few minutes really change your life in meaningful ways? So this is in the lab. It’s this little task, you know, it’s just a couple of minutes. Where can you actually apply this? Which we cared about, of course. And so we think it’s really, what matters, I mean, where you want to use this is evaluative situations like social threat situations. Where are you being evaluated, either by your friends? Like for teenagers it’s at the lunchroom table. It could be, you know, for some people it’s speaking at a school board meeting. It might be giving a pitch or giving a talk like this or doing a job interview. We decided that the one that most people could relate to because most people had been through was the job interview.

ボキャブラリー

So this is what we find. Risk tolerance, which is the gambling, what we find is that when you’re in the high-power pose condition, 86 percent of you will gamble. When you’re in the low-power pose condition, only 60 percent, and that’s a pretty whopping significant difference. Here’s what we find on testosterone. From their baseline when they come in, high-power people experience about a 20-percent increase, and low-power people experience about a 10-percent decrease. So again, two minutes, and you get these changes. Here’s what you get on cortisol. High-power people experience about a 25-percent decrease, and the low-power people experience about a 15-percent increase. So two minutes lead to these hormonal changes that configure your brain to basically be either assertive, confident and comfortable, or really stress-reactive, and, you know, feeling sort of shut down. And we’ve all had the feeling, right? So it seems that our nonverbals do govern how we think and feel about ourselves, so it’s not just others, but it’s also ourselves. Also, our bodies change our minds.

But the next question, of course, is can power posing for a few minutes really change your life in meaningful ways? So this is in the lab. It’s this little task, you know, it’s just a couple of minutes. Where can you actually apply this? Which we cared about, of course. And so we think it’s really, what matters, I mean, where you want to use this is evaluative situations like social threat situations. Where are you being evaluated, either by your friends? Like for teenagers it’s at the lunchroom table. It could be, you know, for some people it’s speaking at a school board meeting. It might be giving a pitch or giving a talk like this or doing a job interview. We decided that the one that most people could relate to because most people had been through was the job interview.

risk tolerance: リスク許容度〔投資などで許容できる危険度〕
tolerance: n. 許容度、許容範囲、忍耐、我慢、《医》(薬・毒物に対する)耐性
gambling: n. 賭け事、賭博、ギャンブル、一か八かの賭け
condition: n. 状態、調子、状況、様子
pretty: a. 大いに、非常に、かなり、ずいぶん
whopping: a. 莫大な、とてつもなく大きい、巨大な
significant: a. 意味のある、かなりの、相当な、著しい
baseline: n. 基準、基準値
lead to ~ : 結果として〜に導く、〜につながる、〜をもたらす、〜の原因となる
hormonal change: ホルモンの変化
configure: vt. 構成する、設定する、作る
basically: adv. 根本的に、基本的に
assertive: a. 積極的な、自己主張の強い、断定的な
stress-reactive: a. ストレスに敏感な
sort of: いわば、一種の、まあ言ってみれば、〜みたいな
shut down : (ドア・口・心などが)閉じた
govern: vt. 〜に影響を与える、〜を左右する

in meaningful way: 意味ある方法で、有意義な方法で
this: a. ⦅話⦆こんな、とある、ある1人[1つ]の (aの強意形; 人や物を導入して, 既出のことのような感覚を与える)
a couple of ~: 2、3の〜、少数の、いくつかの
apply: vt. あてはめる、応用する
care about ~: 〜に関心がある、〜を気にする、〜を気に掛ける
matter: vi. 重要である、影響がある
what matters: 重要なこと、大切なこと
evaluative: a. 評価による、評価的な、査定の
threat: n. 脅し、脅迫
social threat situation: 社会的脅威を感じるような状況
evaluate: vt. 評価する、査定する、判断する、値踏みする、見積もる
lunchroom: n. 《米》学生食堂、社員食堂、ランチルーム
school board meeting: 教育委員会
pitch: n. 売り口上、宣伝(文句)、口説き文句
give a pitch: 売り込みをする
job interview: 就職の面接
relate to ~: 〜に関係している、〜にかかわる
through: a. 〜を経験して、〜を切り抜けて、〜を終えて

解説

「力強いポーズ」を私のヨガ教室で取り入れてみることがありますが、効果はかなり高いようです。
「10秒間威張ってください」と言って力強いポーズを数回行ってもらうと、通常よりも早く体の動きが良くなり表情が明るくなるようです。
皆さんも、何かで自信をつけたいときは、2分間思いっきり胸を張って威張ったポーズをしてみて下さい。自信が持てるとこころが明るくなり、それに伴ってきっと良いことが起こりますよ。

姿勢やホルモンに関する書籍

アゴを引けば身体が変わる 腰痛・肩こり・頭痛が消える大人の体育 (光文社新書)

姿勢のふしぎ―しなやかな体と心が健康をつくる (ブルーバックス)

「若返りホルモン」をぐんぐん増やす16の習慣

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