ケリー・マクゴニガル No.05

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[audio:http://akioiwai.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/Kelly-McGonigal_-No05-20.mp3] [audio:http://akioiwai.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/Kelly-McGonigal_-no05.mp3] [audio:http://akioiwai.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/Kelly-McGonigal_-no05-25.mp3]

No.05

Now I said I have over a decade of demonizing stress to redeem myself from, so we are going to do one more intervention. I want to tell you about one of the most under-appreciated aspects of the stress response, and the idea is this: Stress makes you social.

To understand this side of stress, we need to talk about a hormone, oxytocin, and I know oxytocin has already gotten as much hype as a hormone can get. It even has its own cute nickname, the cuddle hormone, because it’s released when you hug someone. But this is a very small part of what oxytocin is involved in. Oxytocin is a neuro-hormone. It fine-tunes your brain’s social instincts. It primes you to do things that strengthen close relationships. Oxytocin makes you crave physical contact with your friends and family. It enhances your empathy. It even makes you more willing to help and support the people you care about. Some people have even suggested we should snort oxytocin to become more compassionate and caring. But here’s what most people don’t understand about oxytocin. It’s a stress hormone. Your pituitary gland pumps this stuff out as part of the stress response. It’s as much a part of your stress response as the adrenaline that makes your heart pound. And when oxytocin is released in the stress response, it is motivating you to seek support. Your biological stress response is nudging you to tell someone how you feel instead of bottling it up. Your stress response wants to make sure you notice when someone else in your life is struggling so that you can support each other. When life is difficult, your stress response wants you to be surrounded by people who care about you.

 

ボキャブラリー

Now I said I have over a decade of demonizing stress to redeem myself from, so we are going to do one more intervention. I want to tell you about one of the most under-appreciated aspects of the stress response, and the idea is this: Stress makes you social.

To understand this side of stress, we need to talk about a hormone, oxytocin, and I know oxytocin has already gotten as much hype as a hormone can get. It even has its own cute nickname, the cuddle hormone, because it’s released when you hug someone. But this is a very small part of what oxytocin is involved in. Oxytocin is a neuro-hormone. It fine-tunes your brain’s social instincts. It primes you to do things that strengthen close relationships. Oxytocin makes you crave physical contact with your friends and family. It enhances your empathy. It even makes you more willing to help and support the people you care about. Some people have even suggested we should snort oxytocin to become more compassionate and caring. But here’s what most people don’t understand about oxytocin. It’s a stress hormone. Your pituitary gland pumps this stuff out as part of the stress response. It’s as much a part of your stress response as the adrenaline that makes your heart pound. And when oxytocin is released in the stress response, it is motivating you to seek support. Your biological stress response is nudging you to tell someone how you feel instead of bottling it up. Your stress response wants to make sure you notice when someone else in your life is struggling so that you can support each other. When life is difficult, your stress response wants you to be surrounded by people who care about you.

 

demonize: vt. 〜を悪魔と見なす,悪魔のような存在として描く
redeem: vt. 〔自分の失敗・欠点などを〕補う、埋め合わせる
;〔名誉などを〕回復する、取り戻す、取り返す、修復する
intervention: n. 介入,介在、干渉;治療介入
underappreciated: a. 正当に評価されない
aspect: n. 側面,局面,様相;観点,角度
stress response: ストレス反応
hormone: n. ホルモン
oxytocin: n. オキシトシン(脳下垂体後葉ホルモンの一種。子宮収縮・母乳分泌を促進する)
hype: n. 誇大広告[宣伝]
cuddle: n. 抱き締めること:vt. 〜を抱き締める
hug: vt. 〜を抱き締める,〜を抱える
involved: a. 関係している,関連する,かかわり合いになって
neuro-hormone: n. 神経ホルモン
fine-tune: vt. 〜を(最良の状態になるよう)微調整する,手直しする
prime: vt. 〜に前もって用意させる,準備させる
strengthen: vt. 〜を強化する,補強する,丈夫にする,活性化する
close relationship: 親しい間柄,緊密[密接]な関係
crave: vt. 〜を渇望する,切望する,強く欲する
physical contact: [人と人の]身体的接触,肌の触れあい,スキンシップ
enhance: vt. 〜を高める,より良くする、強化する,増進する
empathy: n. 共感、感情移入(他人の気持ち・感情を理解できること)
willing to: 〜する意思がある、進んで〜する,〜に前向きである
snort: vt. 《俗》鼻から〈麻薬〉を吸う;vi. 鼻を鳴らす
compassionate: a. 思いやりのある,心の優しい,哀れみ深い
caring: a. 面倒を見る,世話をする,気遣う
pituitary gland: 脳下垂体
pump out: 排出する
as part of ~: 〜の一部[一端・一環]として
adrenaline: n. アドレナリン【副腎髄質ホルモン;興奮・怒り・恐怖などで分泌が活発になる】
pound: vi. 激しく鼓動する,ドキドキする
release: vt. 〜を放出する
motivate: vt. (人を)〜する気にさせる、〜するように駆り立てる(to do)
nudge: vt. (人)を軽く肘で突く
bottle up: [感情を]抑える,押し隠す,押し殺す
struggle: vi. 奮闘する,苦闘する,もがく、あがく
surround: vt. 〜を囲む

 

解説

 

書籍

スタンフォードの自分を変える教室
図解でわかるスタンフォードの自分を変える教室
DVDブック 最高の自分を引き出す法 −スタンフォードの奇跡の教室 in JAPAN
ケリー・マクゴニガルの痛みを癒すヨーガ
スタンフォードの自分を変えるヨガ教室 (DVD付き)
「呼吸法」で体と心が劇的に変わる 

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